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23 Jan 2014

Add primary key to existing column in mysql

                      Primary key is used to avoid duplicate entries in mysql table. A mysql table can have only one primary key.


Create table with primary key in mysql:

                                                The mysql query for create table with primary key is:

                       CREATE TABLE table_name(column_name datatype(length), 
                             PRIMARY KEY(column_name))

For example,
                       CREATE TABLE table1(No int(5) datatype(length), ,Game_name varchar(15),                                     Image varchar(15), PRIMARY KEY(No))

Now the table column 'No' is primary key in this table.

How to add primary key to existing column in mysql:

                         
                              You can add primary while creating new table. But can you add primary key to existing column in mysql? Yes, you can add primary key to existing column in mysql. The mysql query is:
                     
                       Alter table table_name add PRIMARY KEY(column_name)


Consider the example:
 table1 is name of this table.

changing column size in mysql at phponwebsites

When you click the structure of table in your database, it is look like this:


add primary key in mysql


                    There is no index defined.  Suppose you've to add primary key to column 'Game_name'. On that time you can add the primary key. The mysql query is:

                     Alter table table1 add PRIMARY KEY(Game_name)

Now you click the structure of table in mysql database, the index is defined as below:

add primary key existing column in mysql

                 Now your Game_name column  is changed from NULL into NOT NULL with primary key. Because the primary key should not be null. Only one primary key in a mysql table. A mysql table haven't more than one primary key.

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